Crate ahash

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AHash is a high performance keyed hash function.

It quickly provides a high quality hash where the result is not predictable without knowing the Key. AHash works with HashMap to hash keys, but without allowing for the possibility that an malicious user can induce a collision.

How aHash works

When it is available aHash uses the hardware AES instructions to provide a keyed hash function. When it is not, aHash falls back on a slightly slower alternative algorithm.

Because aHash does not have a fixed standard for its output, it is able to improve over time. But this also means that different computers or computers using different versions of ahash may observe different hash values for the same input.

Basic Usage

AHash provides an implementation of the Hasher trait. To construct a HashMap using aHash as its hasher do the following:

use ahash::{AHasher, RandomState};
use std::collections::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32, RandomState> = HashMap::default();
map.insert(12, 34);


The above requires a source of randomness to generate keys for the hashmap. By default this obtained from the OS. It is also possible to have randomness supplied via the compile-time-rng flag, or manually.

If randomess is not available

AHasher::default() can be used to hash using fixed keys. This works with BuildHasherDefault. For example:

use std::hash::BuildHasherDefault;
use std::collections::HashMap;
use ahash::AHasher;

let mut m: HashMap<_, _, BuildHasherDefault<AHasher>> = HashMap::default();

It is also possible to instantiate RandomState directly:

use ahash::HashMap;
use ahash::RandomState;

let mut m = HashMap::with_hasher(RandomState::with_seed(42));

Or for uses besides a hashhmap:

use std::hash::BuildHasher;
use ahash::RandomState;

let hash_builder = RandomState::with_seed(42);
let hash = hash_builder.hash_one("Some Data");

There are several constructors for RandomState with different ways to supply seeds.

Convenience wrappers

For convenience, both new-type wrappers and type aliases are provided.

The new type wrappers are called called AHashMap and AHashSet.

use ahash::AHashMap;

let mut map: AHashMap<i32, i32> = AHashMap::new();
map.insert(12, 34);

This avoids the need to type “RandomState”. (For convenience From, Into, and Deref are provided).


For even less typing and better interop with existing libraries (such as rayon) which require a std::collection::HashMap , the type aliases HashMap, HashSet are provided.

use ahash::{HashMap, HashMapExt};

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::new();
map.insert(12, 34);

Note the import of HashMapExt. This is needed for the constructor.





  • Used for specialization. (Sealed)
  • A convenience trait that can be used together with the type aliases defined to get access to the new() and with_capacity() methods for the HashMap type alias.
  • A convenience trait that can be used together with the type aliases defined to get access to the new() and with_capacity() methods for the HashSet type aliases.

Type Aliases