Struct serde::lib::core::process::ExitStatus

1.0.0 · source ·
pub struct ExitStatus(ExitStatus);
Expand description

Describes the result of a process after it has terminated.

This struct is used to represent the exit status or other termination of a child process. Child processes are created via the Command struct and their exit status is exposed through the status method, or the wait method of a Child process.

An ExitStatus represents every possible disposition of a process. On Unix this is the wait status. It is not simply an exit status (a value passed to exit).

For proper error reporting of failed processes, print the value of ExitStatus or ExitStatusError using their implementations of Display.

Differences from ExitCode

ExitCode is intended for terminating the currently running process, via the Termination trait, in contrast to ExitStatus, which represents the termination of a child process. These APIs are separate due to platform compatibility differences and their expected usage; it is not generally possible to exactly reproduce an ExitStatus from a child for the current process after the fact.

Tuple Fields

0: ExitStatus

Implementations

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exit_status_error)

Was termination successful? Returns a Result.

Examples
#![feature(exit_status_error)]
use std::process::Command;

let status = Command::new("ls")
                     .arg("/dev/nonexistent")
                     .status()
                     .expect("ls could not be executed");

println!("ls: {status}");
status.exit_ok().expect_err("/dev/nonexistent could be listed!");

Was termination successful? Signal termination is not considered a success, and success is defined as a zero exit status.

Examples
use std::process::Command;

let status = Command::new("mkdir")
                     .arg("projects")
                     .status()
                     .expect("failed to execute mkdir");

if status.success() {
    println!("'projects/' directory created");
} else {
    println!("failed to create 'projects/' directory: {status}");
}

Returns the exit code of the process, if any.

In Unix terms the return value is the exit status: the value passed to exit, if the process finished by calling exit. Note that on Unix the exit status is truncated to 8 bits, and that values that didn’t come from a program’s call to exit may be invented by the runtime system (often, for example, 255, 254, 127 or 126).

On Unix, this will return None if the process was terminated by a signal. ExitStatusExt is an extension trait for extracting any such signal, and other details, from the ExitStatus.

Examples
use std::process::Command;

let status = Command::new("mkdir")
                     .arg("projects")
                     .status()
                     .expect("failed to execute mkdir");

match status.code() {
    Some(code) => println!("Exited with status code: {code}"),
    None       => println!("Process terminated by signal")
}

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Creates a new ExitStatus or ExitStatusError from the raw underlying integer status value from wait Read more
If the process was terminated by a signal, returns that signal. Read more
If the process was terminated by a signal, says whether it dumped core.
If the process was stopped by a signal, returns that signal. Read more
Whether the process was continued from a stopped status. Read more
Returns the underlying raw wait status. Read more
Converts this type into the (usually inferred) input type.
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
Converts the given value to a String. Read more
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.