Struct serde::lib::core::panic::Location

1.10.0 · source ·
pub struct Location<'a> {
    file: &'a str,
    line: u32,
    col: u32,
}
Expand description

A struct containing information about the location of a panic.

This structure is created by PanicInfo::location().

Examples

use std::panic;

panic::set_hook(Box::new(|panic_info| {
    if let Some(location) = panic_info.location() {
        println!("panic occurred in file '{}' at line {}", location.file(), location.line());
    } else {
        println!("panic occurred but can't get location information...");
    }
}));

panic!("Normal panic");

Comparisons

Comparisons for equality and ordering are made in file, line, then column priority. Files are compared as strings, not Path, which could be unexpected. See Location::file’s documentation for more discussion.

Fields

file: &'a strline: u32col: u32

Implementations

Returns the source location of the caller of this function. If that function’s caller is annotated then its call location will be returned, and so on up the stack to the first call within a non-tracked function body.

Examples
use std::panic::Location;

/// Returns the [`Location`] at which it is called.
#[track_caller]
fn get_caller_location() -> &'static Location<'static> {
    Location::caller()
}

/// Returns a [`Location`] from within this function's definition.
fn get_just_one_location() -> &'static Location<'static> {
    get_caller_location()
}

let fixed_location = get_just_one_location();
assert_eq!(fixed_location.file(), file!());
assert_eq!(fixed_location.line(), 14);
assert_eq!(fixed_location.column(), 5);

// running the same untracked function in a different location gives us the same result
let second_fixed_location = get_just_one_location();
assert_eq!(fixed_location.file(), second_fixed_location.file());
assert_eq!(fixed_location.line(), second_fixed_location.line());
assert_eq!(fixed_location.column(), second_fixed_location.column());

let this_location = get_caller_location();
assert_eq!(this_location.file(), file!());
assert_eq!(this_location.line(), 28);
assert_eq!(this_location.column(), 21);

// running the tracked function in a different location produces a different value
let another_location = get_caller_location();
assert_eq!(this_location.file(), another_location.file());
assert_ne!(this_location.line(), another_location.line());
assert_ne!(this_location.column(), another_location.column());

Returns the name of the source file from which the panic originated.

&str, not &Path

The returned name refers to a source path on the compiling system, but it isn’t valid to represent this directly as a &Path. The compiled code may run on a different system with a different Path implementation than the system providing the contents and this library does not currently have a different “host path” type.

The most surprising behavior occurs when “the same” file is reachable via multiple paths in the module system (usually using the #[path = "..."] attribute or similar), which can cause what appears to be identical code to return differing values from this function.

Cross-compilation

This value is not suitable for passing to Path::new or similar constructors when the host platform and target platform differ.

Examples
use std::panic;

panic::set_hook(Box::new(|panic_info| {
    if let Some(location) = panic_info.location() {
        println!("panic occurred in file '{}'", location.file());
    } else {
        println!("panic occurred but can't get location information...");
    }
}));

panic!("Normal panic");

Returns the line number from which the panic originated.

Examples
use std::panic;

panic::set_hook(Box::new(|panic_info| {
    if let Some(location) = panic_info.location() {
        println!("panic occurred at line {}", location.line());
    } else {
        println!("panic occurred but can't get location information...");
    }
}));

panic!("Normal panic");

Returns the column from which the panic originated.

Examples
use std::panic;

panic::set_hook(Box::new(|panic_info| {
    if let Some(location) = panic_info.location() {
        println!("panic occurred at column {}", location.column());
    } else {
        println!("panic occurred but can't get location information...");
    }
}));

panic!("Normal panic");

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more
This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
Converts the given value to a String. Read more
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.