Struct tracing_core::stdlib::sync::OnceLock

1.70.0 · source ·
pub struct OnceLock<T> {
    once: Once,
    value: UnsafeCell<MaybeUninit<T>>,
    _marker: PhantomData<T>,
}
Expand description

A synchronization primitive which can be written to only once.

This type is a thread-safe OnceCell, and can be used in statics.

Examples

use std::sync::OnceLock;

static CELL: OnceLock<String> = OnceLock::new();
assert!(CELL.get().is_none());

std::thread::spawn(|| {
    let value: &String = CELL.get_or_init(|| {
        "Hello, World!".to_string()
    });
    assert_eq!(value, "Hello, World!");
}).join().unwrap();

let value: Option<&String> = CELL.get();
assert!(value.is_some());
assert_eq!(value.unwrap().as_str(), "Hello, World!");

Fields§

§once: Once§value: UnsafeCell<MaybeUninit<T>>§_marker: PhantomData<T>

Implementations§

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impl<T> OnceLock<T>

const: 1.70.0 · source

pub const fn new() -> OnceLock<T>

Creates a new empty cell.

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pub fn get(&self) -> Option<&T>

Gets the reference to the underlying value.

Returns None if the cell is empty, or being initialized. This method never blocks.

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pub fn get_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut T>

Gets the mutable reference to the underlying value.

Returns None if the cell is empty. This method never blocks.

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pub fn set(&self, value: T) -> Result<(), T>

Sets the contents of this cell to value.

May block if another thread is currently attempting to initialize the cell. The cell is guaranteed to contain a value when set returns, though not necessarily the one provided.

Returns Ok(()) if the cell’s value was set by this call.

Examples
use std::sync::OnceLock;

static CELL: OnceLock<i32> = OnceLock::new();

fn main() {
    assert!(CELL.get().is_none());

    std::thread::spawn(|| {
        assert_eq!(CELL.set(92), Ok(()));
    }).join().unwrap();

    assert_eq!(CELL.set(62), Err(62));
    assert_eq!(CELL.get(), Some(&92));
}
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pub fn get_or_init<F>(&self, f: F) -> &Twhere F: FnOnce() -> T,

Gets the contents of the cell, initializing it with f if the cell was empty.

Many threads may call get_or_init concurrently with different initializing functions, but it is guaranteed that only one function will be executed.

Panics

If f panics, the panic is propagated to the caller, and the cell remains uninitialized.

It is an error to reentrantly initialize the cell from f. The exact outcome is unspecified. Current implementation deadlocks, but this may be changed to a panic in the future.

Examples
use std::sync::OnceLock;

let cell = OnceLock::new();
let value = cell.get_or_init(|| 92);
assert_eq!(value, &92);
let value = cell.get_or_init(|| unreachable!());
assert_eq!(value, &92);
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pub fn get_or_try_init<F, E>(&self, f: F) -> Result<&T, E>where F: FnOnce() -> Result<T, E>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (once_cell_try #109737)

Gets the contents of the cell, initializing it with f if the cell was empty. If the cell was empty and f failed, an error is returned.

Panics

If f panics, the panic is propagated to the caller, and the cell remains uninitialized.

It is an error to reentrantly initialize the cell from f. The exact outcome is unspecified. Current implementation deadlocks, but this may be changed to a panic in the future.

Examples
#![feature(once_cell_try)]

use std::sync::OnceLock;

let cell = OnceLock::new();
assert_eq!(cell.get_or_try_init(|| Err(())), Err(()));
assert!(cell.get().is_none());
let value = cell.get_or_try_init(|| -> Result<i32, ()> {
    Ok(92)
});
assert_eq!(value, Ok(&92));
assert_eq!(cell.get(), Some(&92))
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pub fn into_inner(self) -> Option<T>

Consumes the OnceLock, returning the wrapped value. Returns None if the cell was empty.

Examples
use std::sync::OnceLock;

let cell: OnceLock<String> = OnceLock::new();
assert_eq!(cell.into_inner(), None);

let cell = OnceLock::new();
cell.set("hello".to_string()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(cell.into_inner(), Some("hello".to_string()));
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pub fn take(&mut self) -> Option<T>

Takes the value out of this OnceLock, moving it back to an uninitialized state.

Has no effect and returns None if the OnceLock hasn’t been initialized.

Safety is guaranteed by requiring a mutable reference.

Examples
use std::sync::OnceLock;

let mut cell: OnceLock<String> = OnceLock::new();
assert_eq!(cell.take(), None);

let mut cell = OnceLock::new();
cell.set("hello".to_string()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(cell.take(), Some("hello".to_string()));
assert_eq!(cell.get(), None);

Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Clone for OnceLock<T>where T: Clone,

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fn clone(&self) -> OnceLock<T>

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl<T> Debug for OnceLock<T>where T: Debug,

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<T> Default for OnceLock<T>

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fn default() -> OnceLock<T>

Creates a new empty cell.

Example
use std::sync::OnceLock;

fn main() {
    assert_eq!(OnceLock::<()>::new(), OnceLock::default());
}
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impl<T> Drop for OnceLock<T>

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fn drop(&mut self)

Executes the destructor for this type. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for OnceLock<T>

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fn from(value: T) -> OnceLock<T>

Create a new cell with its contents set to value.

Example
use std::sync::OnceLock;

let a = OnceLock::from(3);
let b = OnceLock::new();
b.set(3)?;
assert_eq!(a, b);
Ok(())
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impl<T> PartialEq<OnceLock<T>> for OnceLock<T>where T: PartialEq<T>,

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fn eq(&self, other: &OnceLock<T>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
1.0.0 · source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl<T> Eq for OnceLock<T>where T: Eq,

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impl<T> RefUnwindSafe for OnceLock<T>where T: RefUnwindSafe + UnwindSafe,

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impl<T> Send for OnceLock<T>where T: Send,

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impl<T> Sync for OnceLock<T>where T: Sync + Send,

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impl<T> UnwindSafe for OnceLock<T>where T: UnwindSafe,

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Unpin for OnceLock<T>where T: Unpin,

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for Twhere T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> From<!> for T

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fn from(t: !) -> T

Converts to this type from the input type.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for Twhere U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> ToOwned for Twhere T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for Twhere U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for Twhere U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.