Struct tracing_core::stdlib::net::Ipv4Addr

1.0.0 · source ·
pub struct Ipv4Addr {
    octets: [u8; 4],
}
Expand description

An IPv4 address.

IPv4 addresses are defined as 32-bit integers in IETF RFC 791. They are usually represented as four octets.

See IpAddr for a type encompassing both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

Textual representation

Ipv4Addr provides a FromStr implementation. The four octets are in decimal notation, divided by . (this is called “dot-decimal notation”). Notably, octal numbers (which are indicated with a leading 0) and hexadecimal numbers (which are indicated with a leading 0x) are not allowed per IETF RFC 6943.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let localhost = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!("127.0.0.1".parse(), Ok(localhost));
assert_eq!(localhost.is_loopback(), true);
assert!("012.004.002.000".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // all octets are in octal
assert!("0000000.0.0.0".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // first octet is a zero in octal
assert!("0xcb.0x0.0x71.0x00".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // all octets are in hex

Fields§

§octets: [u8; 4]

Implementations§

source§

impl Ipv4Addr

const: 1.32.0 · source

pub const fn new(a: u8, b: u8, c: u8, d: u8) -> Ipv4Addr

Creates a new IPv4 address from four eight-bit octets.

The result will represent the IP address a.b.c.d.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
1.30.0 · source

pub const LOCALHOST: Ipv4Addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1)

An IPv4 address with the address pointing to localhost: 127.0.0.1

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1));
1.30.0 · source

pub const UNSPECIFIED: Ipv4Addr = Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0)

An IPv4 address representing an unspecified address: 0.0.0.0

This corresponds to the constant INADDR_ANY in other languages.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::UNSPECIFIED;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0));
1.30.0 · source

pub const BROADCAST: Ipv4Addr = Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255)

An IPv4 address representing the broadcast address: 255.255.255.255

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::BROADCAST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255));
const: 1.50.0 · source

pub const fn octets(&self) -> [u8; 4]

Returns the four eight-bit integers that make up this address.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!(addr.octets(), [127, 0, 0, 1]);
1.12.0 (const: 1.32.0) · source

pub const fn is_unspecified(&self) -> bool

Returns true for the special ‘unspecified’ address (0.0.0.0).

This property is defined in UNIX Network Programming, Second Edition, W. Richard Stevens, p. 891; see also ip7.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_unspecified(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_unspecified(), false);
1.7.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source

pub const fn is_loopback(&self) -> bool

Returns true if this is a loopback address (127.0.0.0/8).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 1122.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_loopback(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_loopback(), false);
1.7.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source

pub const fn is_private(&self) -> bool

Returns true if this is a private address.

The private address ranges are defined in IETF RFC 1918 and include:

  • 10.0.0.0/8
  • 172.16.0.0/12
  • 192.168.0.0/16
Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 0, 0, 1).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 29, 45, 14).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 32, 0, 2).is_private(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 2).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 169, 0, 2).is_private(), false);

Returns true if the address is link-local (169.254.0.0/16).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 3927.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 0, 0).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 10, 65).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(16, 89, 10, 65).is_link_local(), false);
const: unstable · source

pub fn is_global(&self) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

Returns true if the address appears to be globally reachable as specified by the IANA IPv4 Special-Purpose Address Registry. Whether or not an address is practically reachable will depend on your network configuration.

Most IPv4 addresses are globally reachable; unless they are specifically defined as not globally reachable.

Non-exhaustive list of notable addresses that are not globally reachable:

For the complete overview of which addresses are globally reachable, see the table at the IANA IPv4 Special-Purpose Address Registry.

Examples
#![feature(ip)]

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

// Most IPv4 addresses are globally reachable:
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(80, 9, 12, 3).is_global(), true);

// However some addresses have been assigned a special meaning
// that makes them not globally reachable. Some examples are:

// The unspecified address (`0.0.0.0`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::UNSPECIFIED.is_global(), false);

// Addresses reserved for private use (`10.0.0.0/8`, `172.16.0.0/12`, 192.168.0.0/16)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 254, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 10, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_global(), false);

// Addresses in the shared address space (`100.64.0.0/10`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 100, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// The loopback addresses (`127.0.0.0/8`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST.is_global(), false);

// Link-local addresses (`169.254.0.0/16`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 45, 1).is_global(), false);

// Addresses reserved for documentation (`192.0.2.0/24`, `198.51.100.0/24`, `203.0.113.0/24`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_global(), false);

// Addresses reserved for benchmarking (`198.18.0.0/15`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// Reserved addresses (`240.0.0.0/4`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(250, 10, 20, 30).is_global(), false);

// The broadcast address (`255.255.255.255`)
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::BROADCAST.is_global(), false);

// For a complete overview see the IANA IPv4 Special-Purpose Address Registry.
const: unstable · source

pub fn is_shared(&self) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

Returns true if this address is part of the Shared Address Space defined in IETF RFC 6598 (100.64.0.0/10).

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 64, 0, 0).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 127, 255, 255).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 128, 0, 0).is_shared(), false);
const: unstable · source

pub fn is_benchmarking(&self) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

Returns true if this address part of the 198.18.0.0/15 range, which is reserved for network devices benchmarking. This range is defined in IETF RFC 2544 as 192.18.0.0 through 198.19.255.255 but errata 423 corrects it to 198.18.0.0/15.

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 17, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 19, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 20, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), false);
const: unstable · source

pub fn is_reserved(&self) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

Returns true if this address is reserved by IANA for future use. IETF RFC 1112 defines the block of reserved addresses as 240.0.0.0/4. This range normally includes the broadcast address 255.255.255.255, but this implementation explicitly excludes it, since it is obviously not reserved for future use.

Warning

As IANA assigns new addresses, this method will be updated. This may result in non-reserved addresses being treated as reserved in code that relies on an outdated version of this method.

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(240, 0, 0, 0).is_reserved(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 254).is_reserved(), true);

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(239, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);
// The broadcast address is not considered as reserved for future use by this implementation
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);
1.7.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source

pub const fn is_multicast(&self) -> bool

Returns true if this is a multicast address (224.0.0.0/4).

Multicast addresses have a most significant octet between 224 and 239, and is defined by IETF RFC 5771.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(224, 254, 0, 0).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_multicast(), false);
1.7.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source

pub const fn is_broadcast(&self) -> bool

Returns true if this is a broadcast address (255.255.255.255).

A broadcast address has all octets set to 255 as defined in IETF RFC 919.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_broadcast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_broadcast(), false);
1.7.0 (const: 1.50.0) · source

pub const fn is_documentation(&self) -> bool

Returns true if this address is in a range designated for documentation.

This is defined in IETF RFC 5737:

  • 192.0.2.0/24 (TEST-NET-1)
  • 198.51.100.0/24 (TEST-NET-2)
  • 203.0.113.0/24 (TEST-NET-3)
Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(193, 34, 17, 19).is_documentation(), false);
const: 1.50.0 · source

pub const fn to_ipv6_compatible(&self) -> Ipv6Addr

Converts this address to an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::a.b.c.d

Note that IPv4-compatible addresses have been officially deprecated. If you don’t explicitly need an IPv4-compatible address for legacy reasons, consider using to_ipv6_mapped instead.

Examples
use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(
    Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_compatible(),
    Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0xc000, 0x2ff)
);
const: 1.50.0 · source

pub const fn to_ipv6_mapped(&self) -> Ipv6Addr

Converts this address to an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::ffff:a.b.c.d

Examples
use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_mapped(),
           Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0xffff, 0xc000, 0x2ff));
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impl Ipv4Addr

source

pub fn parse_ascii(b: &[u8]) -> Result<Ipv4Addr, AddrParseError>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (addr_parse_ascii #101035)

Parse an IPv4 address from a slice of bytes.

#![feature(addr_parse_ascii)]

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let localhost = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::parse_ascii(b"127.0.0.1"), Ok(localhost));

Trait Implementations§

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impl Clone for Ipv4Addr

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fn clone(&self) -> Ipv4Addr

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
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fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl Debug for Ipv4Addr

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fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl Display for Ipv4Addr

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fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.9.0 · source§

impl From<[u8; 4]> for Ipv4Addr

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fn from(octets: [u8; 4]) -> Ipv4Addr

Creates an Ipv4Addr from a four element byte array.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from([13u8, 12u8, 11u8, 10u8]);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);
1.16.0 · source§

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr

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fn from(ipv4: Ipv4Addr) -> IpAddr

Copies this address to a new IpAddr::V4.

Examples
use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr};

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);

assert_eq!(
    IpAddr::V4(addr),
    IpAddr::from(addr)
)
1.1.0 · source§

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for u32

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fn from(ip: Ipv4Addr) -> u32

Converts an Ipv4Addr into a host byte order u32.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78);
assert_eq!(0x12345678, u32::from(addr));
1.1.0 · source§

impl From<u32> for Ipv4Addr

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fn from(ip: u32) -> Ipv4Addr

Converts a host byte order u32 into an Ipv4Addr.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from(0x12345678);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78), addr);
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impl FromStr for Ipv4Addr

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type Err = AddrParseError

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.
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fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Ipv4Addr, AddrParseError>

Parses a string s to return a value of this type. Read more
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impl Hash for Ipv4Addr

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fn hash<__H>(&self, state: &mut __H)where __H: Hasher,

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where H: Hasher, Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl Ord for Ipv4Addr

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fn cmp(&self, other: &Ipv4Addr) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere Self: Sized + PartialOrd<Self>,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.16.0 · source§

impl PartialEq<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr

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fn eq(&self, other: &IpAddr) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.16.0 · source§

impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr

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fn eq(&self, other: &Ipv4Addr) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr

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fn eq(&self, other: &Ipv4Addr) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.16.0 · source§

impl PartialOrd<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &IpAddr) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
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fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
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fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
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fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.16.0 · source§

impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Ipv4Addr) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
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impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Ipv4Addr) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
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impl Copy for Ipv4Addr

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impl Eq for Ipv4Addr

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impl StructuralEq for Ipv4Addr

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impl StructuralPartialEq for Ipv4Addr

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for Twhere T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for Twhere U: From<T>,

const: unstable · source§

fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> ToOwned for Twhere T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T> ToString for Twhere T: Display + ?Sized,

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default fn to_string(&self) -> String

Converts the given value to a String. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for Twhere U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for Twhere U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.