Struct serde::lib::net::Ipv4Addr

1.0.0 · source · []
pub struct Ipv4Addr {
    inner: in_addr,
}
Expand description

An IPv4 address.

IPv4 addresses are defined as 32-bit integers in IETF RFC 791. They are usually represented as four octets.

See IpAddr for a type encompassing both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

The size of an Ipv4Addr struct may vary depending on the target operating system.

Textual representation

Ipv4Addr provides a FromStr implementation. The four octets are in decimal notation, divided by . (this is called “dot-decimal notation”). Notably, octal numbers (which are indicated with a leading 0) and hexadecimal numbers (which are indicated with a leading 0x) are not allowed per IETF RFC 6943.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let localhost = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!("127.0.0.1".parse(), Ok(localhost));
assert_eq!(localhost.is_loopback(), true);
assert!("012.004.002.000".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // all octets are in octal
assert!("0000000.0.0.0".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // first octet is a zero in octal
assert!("0xcb.0x0.0x71.0x00".parse::<Ipv4Addr>().is_err()); // all octets are in hex

Fields

inner: in_addr

Implementations

Creates a new IPv4 address from four eight-bit octets.

The result will represent the IP address a.b.c.d.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);

An IPv4 address with the address pointing to localhost: 127.0.0.1

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1));

An IPv4 address representing an unspecified address: 0.0.0.0

This corresponds to the constant INADDR_ANY in other languages.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::UNSPECIFIED;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0));

An IPv4 address representing the broadcast address: 255.255.255.255

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::BROADCAST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255));

Returns the four eight-bit integers that make up this address.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!(addr.octets(), [127, 0, 0, 1]);

Returns true for the special ‘unspecified’ address (0.0.0.0).

This property is defined in UNIX Network Programming, Second Edition, W. Richard Stevens, p. 891; see also ip7.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_unspecified(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_unspecified(), false);

Returns true if this is a loopback address (127.0.0.0/8).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 1122.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_loopback(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_loopback(), false);

Returns true if this is a private address.

The private address ranges are defined in IETF RFC 1918 and include:

  • 10.0.0.0/8
  • 172.16.0.0/12
  • 192.168.0.0/16
Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 0, 0, 1).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 29, 45, 14).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 32, 0, 2).is_private(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 2).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 169, 0, 2).is_private(), false);

Returns true if the address is link-local (169.254.0.0/16).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 3927.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 0, 0).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 10, 65).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(16, 89, 10, 65).is_link_local(), false);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip)

Returns true if the address appears to be globally routable. See iana-ipv4-special-registry.

The following return false:

Examples
#![feature(ip)]

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

// private addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 254, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 10, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_global(), false);

// the 0.0.0.0/8 block is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 1, 2, 3).is_global(), false);
// in particular, the unspecified address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// the loopback address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_global(), false);

// link local addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 45, 1).is_global(), false);

// the broadcast address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_global(), false);

// the address space designated for documentation is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_global(), false);

// shared addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 100, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for protocol assignment are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 255).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for future use are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(250, 10, 20, 30).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for network devices benchmarking are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// All the other addresses are global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(1, 1, 1, 1).is_global(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(80, 9, 12, 3).is_global(), true);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip)

Returns true if this address is part of the Shared Address Space defined in IETF RFC 6598 (100.64.0.0/10).

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 64, 0, 0).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 127, 255, 255).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 128, 0, 0).is_shared(), false);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip)

Returns true if this address part of the 198.18.0.0/15 range, which is reserved for network devices benchmarking. This range is defined in IETF RFC 2544 as 192.18.0.0 through 198.19.255.255 but errata 423 corrects it to 198.18.0.0/15.

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 17, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 19, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 20, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), false);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip)

Returns true if this address is reserved by IANA for future use. IETF RFC 1112 defines the block of reserved addresses as 240.0.0.0/4. This range normally includes the broadcast address 255.255.255.255, but this implementation explicitly excludes it, since it is obviously not reserved for future use.

Warning

As IANA assigns new addresses, this method will be updated. This may result in non-reserved addresses being treated as reserved in code that relies on an outdated version of this method.

Examples
#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(240, 0, 0, 0).is_reserved(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 254).is_reserved(), true);

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(239, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);
// The broadcast address is not considered as reserved for future use by this implementation
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);

Returns true if this is a multicast address (224.0.0.0/4).

Multicast addresses have a most significant octet between 224 and 239, and is defined by IETF RFC 5771.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(224, 254, 0, 0).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_multicast(), false);

Returns true if this is a broadcast address (255.255.255.255).

A broadcast address has all octets set to 255 as defined in IETF RFC 919.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_broadcast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_broadcast(), false);

Returns true if this address is in a range designated for documentation.

This is defined in IETF RFC 5737:

  • 192.0.2.0/24 (TEST-NET-1)
  • 198.51.100.0/24 (TEST-NET-2)
  • 203.0.113.0/24 (TEST-NET-3)
Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(193, 34, 17, 19).is_documentation(), false);

Converts this address to an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::a.b.c.d

Note that IPv4-compatible addresses have been officially deprecated. If you don’t explicitly need an IPv4-compatible address for legacy reasons, consider using to_ipv6_mapped instead.

Examples
use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(
    Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_compatible(),
    Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0xc000, 0x2ff)
);

Converts this address to an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::ffff:a.b.c.d

Examples
use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_mapped(),
           Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0xffff, 0xc000, 0x2ff));

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Creates an Ipv4Addr from a four element byte array.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from([13u8, 12u8, 11u8, 10u8]);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);

Converts an Ipv4Addr into a host byte order u32.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78);
assert_eq!(0x12345678, u32::from(addr));

Copies this address to a new IpAddr::V4.

Examples
use std::net::{IpAddr, Ipv4Addr};

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);

assert_eq!(
    IpAddr::V4(addr),
    IpAddr::from(addr)
)

Converts a host byte order u32 into an Ipv4Addr.

Examples
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from(0x12345678);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0x12, 0x34, 0x56, 0x78), addr);

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Parses a string s to return a value of this type. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.