pub struct Report<E = Box<dyn Error + 'static, Global>> {
    error: E,
    show_backtrace: bool,
    pretty: bool,
}
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)
Expand description

An error reporter that print’s an error and its sources.

Report also exposes configuration options for formatting the error chain, either entirely on a single line, or in multi-line format with each cause in the error chain on a new line.

Report only requires that the wrapped error implements Error. It doesn’t require that the wrapped error be Send, Sync, or 'static.

Examples

#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::{Error, Report};
use std::fmt;

#[derive(Debug)]
struct SuperError {
    source: SuperErrorSideKick,
}

impl fmt::Display for SuperError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "SuperError is here!")
    }
}

impl Error for SuperError {
    fn source(&self) -> Option<&(dyn Error + 'static)> {
        Some(&self.source)
    }
}

#[derive(Debug)]
struct SuperErrorSideKick;

impl fmt::Display for SuperErrorSideKick {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "SuperErrorSideKick is here!")
    }
}

impl Error for SuperErrorSideKick {}

fn get_super_error() -> Result<(), SuperError> {
    Err(SuperError { source: SuperErrorSideKick })
}

fn main() {
    match get_super_error() {
        Err(e) => println!("Error: {}", Report::new(e)),
        _ => println!("No error"),
    }
}

This example produces the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!: SuperErrorSideKick is here!

Output consistency

Report prints the same output via Display and Debug, so it works well with Result::unwrap/Result::expect which print their Err variant via Debug:

#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::Report;

get_super_error().map_err(Report::new).unwrap();

This example produces the following output:

thread 'main' panicked at 'called `Result::unwrap()` on an `Err` value: SuperError is here!: SuperErrorSideKick is here!', src/error.rs:34:40
note: run with `RUST_BACKTRACE=1` environment variable to display a backtrace

Return from main

Report also implements From for all types that implement Error, this when combined with the Debug output means Report is an ideal starting place for formatting errors returned from main.

#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::Report;

fn main() -> Result<(), Report> {
    get_super_error()?;
    Ok(())
}

This example produces the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!: SuperErrorSideKick is here!

Note: Reports constructed via ? and From will be configured to use the single line output format, if you want to make sure your Reports are pretty printed and include backtrace you will need to manually convert and enable those flags.

#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::Report;

fn main() -> Result<(), Report> {
    get_super_error()
        .map_err(Report::from)
        .map_err(|r| r.pretty(true).show_backtrace(true))?;
    Ok(())
}

This example produces the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!

Caused by:
      SuperErrorSideKick is here!

Fields

error: E
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

The error being reported.

show_backtrace: bool
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

Whether a backtrace should be included as part of the report.

pretty: bool
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

Whether the report should be pretty-printed.

Implementations

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

Create a new Report from an input error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

Enable pretty-printing the report across multiple lines.

Examples
#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::Report;

let error = SuperError { source: SuperErrorSideKick };
let report = Report::new(error).pretty(true);
eprintln!("Error: {report:?}");

This example produces the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!

Caused by:
      SuperErrorSideKick is here!

When there are multiple source errors the causes will be numbered in order of iteration starting from the outermost error.

#![feature(error_reporter)]
use std::error::Report;

let source = SuperErrorSideKickSideKick;
let source = SuperErrorSideKick { source };
let error = SuperError { source };
let report = Report::new(error).pretty(true);
eprintln!("Error: {report:?}");

This example produces the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!

Caused by:
   0: SuperErrorSideKick is here!
   1: SuperErrorSideKickSideKick is here!
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (error_reporter)

Display backtrace if available when using pretty output format.

Examples

Note: Report will search for the first Backtrace it can find starting from the outermost error. In this example it will display the backtrace from the second error in the chain, SuperErrorSideKick.

#![feature(error_reporter)]
#![feature(backtrace)]
use std::error::Report;
use std::backtrace::Backtrace;

#[derive(Debug)]
struct SuperErrorSideKick {
    backtrace: Backtrace,
}

impl SuperErrorSideKick {
    fn new() -> SuperErrorSideKick {
        SuperErrorSideKick { backtrace: Backtrace::force_capture() }
    }
}

impl Error for SuperErrorSideKick {
    fn backtrace(&self) -> Option<&Backtrace> {
        Some(&self.backtrace)
    }
}

// The rest of the example is unchanged ...

let source = SuperErrorSideKick::new();
let error = SuperError { source };
let report = Report::new(error).pretty(true).show_backtrace(true);
eprintln!("Error: {report:?}");

This example produces something similar to the following output:

Error: SuperError is here!

Caused by:
      SuperErrorSideKick is here!

Stack backtrace:
   0: rust_out::main::_doctest_main_src_error_rs_1158_0::SuperErrorSideKick::new
   1: rust_out::main::_doctest_main_src_error_rs_1158_0
   2: rust_out::main
   3: core::ops::function::FnOnce::call_once
   4: std::sys_common::backtrace::__rust_begin_short_backtrace
   5: std::rt::lang_start::{{closure}}
   6: std::panicking::try
   7: std::rt::lang_start_internal
   8: std::rt::lang_start
   9: main
  10: __libc_start_main
  11: _start

Trait Implementations

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Converts to this type from the input type.

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.