Enum hashbrown::map::EntryRef

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pub enum EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A = Global>where
    A: Allocator + Clone,{
    Occupied(OccupiedEntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>),
    Vacant(VacantEntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>),
}
Expand description

A view into a single entry in a map, which may either be vacant or occupied, with any borrowed form of the map’s key type.

This enum is constructed from the entry_ref method on HashMap.

Hash and Eq on the borrowed form of the map’s key type must match those for the key type. It also require that key may be constructed from the borrowed form through the From trait.

Examples

use hashbrown::hash_map::{EntryRef, HashMap, OccupiedEntryRef};

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.extend([("a".to_owned(), 10), ("b".into(), 20), ("c".into(), 30)]);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);

// Existing key (insert)
let key = String::from("a");
let entry: EntryRef<_, _, _, _> = map.entry_ref(&key);
let _raw_o: OccupiedEntryRef<_, _, _, _> = entry.insert(1);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
// Nonexistent key (insert)
map.entry_ref("d").insert(4);

// Existing key (or_insert)
let v = map.entry_ref("b").or_insert(2);
assert_eq!(std::mem::replace(v, 2), 20);
// Nonexistent key (or_insert)
map.entry_ref("e").or_insert(5);

// Existing key (or_insert_with)
let v = map.entry_ref("c").or_insert_with(|| 3);
assert_eq!(std::mem::replace(v, 3), 30);
// Nonexistent key (or_insert_with)
map.entry_ref("f").or_insert_with(|| 6);

println!("Our HashMap: {:?}", map);

for (key, value) in ["a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f"].into_iter().zip(1..=6) {
    assert_eq!(map[key], value)
}
assert_eq!(map.len(), 6);

Variants§

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Occupied(OccupiedEntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>)

An occupied entry.

Examples

use hashbrown::hash_map::{EntryRef, HashMap};
let mut map: HashMap<_, _> = [("a".to_owned(), 100), ("b".into(), 200)].into();

match map.entry_ref("a") {
    EntryRef::Vacant(_) => unreachable!(),
    EntryRef::Occupied(_) => { }
}
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Vacant(VacantEntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>)

A vacant entry.

Examples

use hashbrown::hash_map::{EntryRef, HashMap};
let mut map: HashMap<String, i32> = HashMap::new();

match map.entry_ref("a") {
    EntryRef::Occupied(_) => unreachable!(),
    EntryRef::Vacant(_) => { }
}

Implementations§

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A: Allocator + Clone> EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>

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pub fn insert(self, value: V) -> OccupiedEntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>where K: Hash + From<&'b Q>, S: BuildHasher,

Sets the value of the entry, and returns an OccupiedEntryRef.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();
let entry = map.entry_ref("horseyland").insert(37);

assert_eq!(entry.key(), "horseyland");
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pub fn or_insert(self, default: V) -> &'a mut Vwhere K: Hash + From<&'b Q>, S: BuildHasher,

Ensures a value is in the entry by inserting the default if empty, and returns a mutable reference to the value in the entry.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();

// nonexistent key
map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert(3);
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 3);

// existing key
*map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert(10) *= 2;
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 6);
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pub fn or_insert_with<F: FnOnce() -> V>(self, default: F) -> &'a mut Vwhere K: Hash + From<&'b Q>, S: BuildHasher,

Ensures a value is in the entry by inserting the result of the default function if empty, and returns a mutable reference to the value in the entry.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();

// nonexistent key
map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert_with(|| 3);
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 3);

// existing key
*map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert_with(|| 10) *= 2;
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 6);
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pub fn or_insert_with_key<F: FnOnce(&Q) -> V>(self, default: F) -> &'a mut Vwhere K: Hash + Borrow<Q> + From<&'b Q>, S: BuildHasher,

Ensures a value is in the entry by inserting, if empty, the result of the default function. This method allows for generating key-derived values for insertion by providing the default function a reference to the key that was moved during the .entry_ref(key) method call.

The reference to the moved key is provided so that cloning or copying the key is unnecessary, unlike with .or_insert_with(|| ... ).

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, usize> = HashMap::new();

// nonexistent key
map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert_with_key(|key| key.chars().count());
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 9);

// existing key
*map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert_with_key(|key| key.chars().count() * 10) *= 2;
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 18);
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pub fn key(&self) -> &Qwhere K: Borrow<Q>,

Returns a reference to this entry’s key.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();
map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_insert(3);
// existing key
assert_eq!(map.entry_ref("poneyland").key(), "poneyland");
// nonexistent key
assert_eq!(map.entry_ref("horseland").key(), "horseland");
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pub fn and_modify<F>(self, f: F) -> Selfwhere F: FnOnce(&mut V),

Provides in-place mutable access to an occupied entry before any potential inserts into the map.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();

map.entry_ref("poneyland")
   .and_modify(|e| { *e += 1 })
   .or_insert(42);
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 42);

map.entry_ref("poneyland")
   .and_modify(|e| { *e += 1 })
   .or_insert(42);
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 43);
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pub fn and_replace_entry_with<F>(self, f: F) -> Selfwhere F: FnOnce(&Q, V) -> Option<V>, K: Borrow<Q>,

Provides shared access to the key and owned access to the value of an occupied entry and allows to replace or remove it based on the value of the returned option.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::EntryRef;

let mut map: HashMap<String, u32> = HashMap::new();

let entry = map
    .entry_ref("poneyland")
    .and_replace_entry_with(|_k, _v| panic!());

match entry {
    EntryRef::Vacant(e) => {
        assert_eq!(e.key(), "poneyland");
    }
    EntryRef::Occupied(_) => panic!(),
}

map.insert("poneyland".to_string(), 42);

let entry = map
    .entry_ref("poneyland")
    .and_replace_entry_with(|k, v| {
        assert_eq!(k, "poneyland");
        assert_eq!(v, 42);
        Some(v + 1)
    });

match entry {
    EntryRef::Occupied(e) => {
        assert_eq!(e.key(), "poneyland");
        assert_eq!(e.get(), &43);
    }
    EntryRef::Vacant(_) => panic!(),
}

assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], 43);

let entry = map
    .entry_ref("poneyland")
    .and_replace_entry_with(|_k, _v| None);

match entry {
    EntryRef::Vacant(e) => assert_eq!(e.key(), "poneyland"),
    EntryRef::Occupied(_) => panic!(),
}

assert!(!map.contains_key("poneyland"));
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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V: Default, S, A: Allocator + Clone> EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>

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pub fn or_default(self) -> &'a mut Vwhere K: Hash + From<&'b Q>, S: BuildHasher,

Ensures a value is in the entry by inserting the default value if empty, and returns a mutable reference to the value in the entry.

Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<String, Option<u32>> = HashMap::new();

// nonexistent key
map.entry_ref("poneyland").or_default();
assert_eq!(map["poneyland"], None);

map.insert("horseland".to_string(), Some(3));

// existing key
assert_eq!(map.entry_ref("horseland").or_default(), &mut Some(3));

Trait Implementations§

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impl<K: Borrow<Q>, Q: ?Sized + Debug, V: Debug, S, A: Allocator + Clone> Debug for EntryRef<'_, '_, K, Q, V, S, A>

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A> RefUnwindSafe for EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>where A: RefUnwindSafe, K: RefUnwindSafe, Q: RefUnwindSafe, S: RefUnwindSafe, V: RefUnwindSafe,

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A> Send for EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>where A: Send, K: Send, Q: Sync, S: Send, V: Send,

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A> Sync for EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>where A: Sync, K: Sync, Q: Sync, S: Sync, V: Sync,

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q: ?Sized, V, S, A> Unpin for EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>where K: Unpin,

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impl<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A = Global> !UnwindSafe for EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for Twhere T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for Twhere T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for T

const: unstable · source§

fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for Twhere U: From<T>,

const: unstable · source§

fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for Twhere U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for Twhere U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.