Struct serde::lib::core::thread::LocalKey

1.0.0 · source ·
pub struct LocalKey<T>where
    T: 'static,
{ inner: unsafe fn(_: Option<&mut Option<T>>) -> Option<&'static T>, }
Expand description

A thread local storage key which owns its contents.

This key uses the fastest possible implementation available to it for the target platform. It is instantiated with the thread_local! macro and the primary method is the with method.

The with method yields a reference to the contained value which cannot be sent across threads or escape the given closure.

Initialization and Destruction

Initialization is dynamically performed on the first call to with within a thread, and values that implement Drop get destructed when a thread exits. Some caveats apply, which are explained below.

A LocalKey’s initializer cannot recursively depend on itself, and using a LocalKey in this way will cause the initializer to infinitely recurse on the first call to with.

Examples

use std::cell::RefCell;
use std::thread;

thread_local!(static FOO: RefCell<u32> = RefCell::new(1));

FOO.with(|f| {
    assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 1);
    *f.borrow_mut() = 2;
});

// each thread starts out with the initial value of 1
let t = thread::spawn(move|| {
    FOO.with(|f| {
        assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 1);
        *f.borrow_mut() = 3;
    });
});

// wait for the thread to complete and bail out on panic
t.join().unwrap();

// we retain our original value of 2 despite the child thread
FOO.with(|f| {
    assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 2);
});

Platform-specific behavior

Note that a “best effort” is made to ensure that destructors for types stored in thread local storage are run, but not all platforms can guarantee that destructors will be run for all types in thread local storage. For example, there are a number of known caveats where destructors are not run:

  1. On Unix systems when pthread-based TLS is being used, destructors will not be run for TLS values on the main thread when it exits. Note that the application will exit immediately after the main thread exits as well.
  2. On all platforms it’s possible for TLS to re-initialize other TLS slots during destruction. Some platforms ensure that this cannot happen infinitely by preventing re-initialization of any slot that has been destroyed, but not all platforms have this guard. Those platforms that do not guard typically have a synthetic limit after which point no more destructors are run.
  3. When the process exits on Windows systems, TLS destructors may only be run on the thread that causes the process to exit. This is because the other threads may be forcibly terminated.

Synchronization in thread-local destructors

On Windows, synchronization operations (such as JoinHandle::join) in thread local destructors are prone to deadlocks and so should be avoided. This is because the loader lock is held while a destructor is run. The lock is acquired whenever a thread starts or exits or when a DLL is loaded or unloaded. Therefore these events are blocked for as long as a thread local destructor is running.

Fields

inner: unsafe fn(_: Option<&mut Option<T>>) -> Option<&'static T>

Implementations

Acquires a reference to the value in this TLS key.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

This function will panic!() if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Acquires a reference to the value in this TLS key.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet. If the key has been destroyed (which may happen if this is called in a destructor), this function will return an AccessError.

Panics

This function will still panic!() if the key is uninitialized and the key’s initializer panics.

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Sets or initializes the contained value.

Unlike the other methods, this will not run the lazy initializer of the thread local. Instead, it will be directly initialized with the given value if it wasn’t initialized yet.

Panics

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::Cell;

thread_local! {
    static X: Cell<i32> = panic!("!");
}

// Calling X.get() here would result in a panic.

X.set(123); // But X.set() is fine, as it skips the initializer above.

assert_eq!(X.get(), 123);
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Returns a copy of the contained value.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::Cell;

thread_local! {
    static X: Cell<i32> = Cell::new(1);
}

assert_eq!(X.get(), 1);
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Takes the contained value, leaving Default::default() in its place.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::Cell;

thread_local! {
    static X: Cell<Option<i32>> = Cell::new(Some(1));
}

assert_eq!(X.take(), Some(1));
assert_eq!(X.take(), None);
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Replaces the contained value, returning the old value.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::Cell;

thread_local! {
    static X: Cell<i32> = Cell::new(1);
}

assert_eq!(X.replace(2), 1);
assert_eq!(X.replace(3), 2);
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Acquires a reference to the contained value.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently mutably borrowed.

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Example
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

thread_local! {
    static X: RefCell<Vec<i32>> = RefCell::new(Vec::new());
}

X.with_borrow(|v| assert!(v.is_empty()));
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Acquires a mutable reference to the contained value.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Example
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

thread_local! {
    static X: RefCell<Vec<i32>> = RefCell::new(Vec::new());
}

X.with_borrow_mut(|v| v.push(1));

X.with_borrow(|v| assert_eq!(*v, vec![1]));
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Sets or initializes the contained value.

Unlike the other methods, this will not run the lazy initializer of the thread local. Instead, it will be directly initialized with the given value if it wasn’t initialized yet.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

thread_local! {
    static X: RefCell<Vec<i32>> = panic!("!");
}

// Calling X.with() here would result in a panic.

X.set(vec![1, 2, 3]); // But X.set() is fine, as it skips the initializer above.

X.with_borrow(|v| assert_eq!(*v, vec![1, 2, 3]));
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Takes the contained value, leaving Default::default() in its place.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

thread_local! {
    static X: RefCell<Vec<i32>> = RefCell::new(Vec::new());
}

X.with_borrow_mut(|v| v.push(1));

let a = X.take();

assert_eq!(a, vec![1]);

X.with_borrow(|v| assert!(v.is_empty()));
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (local_key_cell_methods)

Replaces the contained value, returning the old value.

Panics

Panics if the value is currently borrowed.

Panics if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Examples
#![feature(local_key_cell_methods)]
use std::cell::RefCell;

thread_local! {
    static X: RefCell<Vec<i32>> = RefCell::new(Vec::new());
}

let prev = X.replace(vec![1, 2, 3]);
assert!(prev.is_empty());

X.with_borrow(|v| assert_eq!(*v, vec![1, 2, 3]));

Trait Implementations

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.