pub struct HeaderValue {
    inner: Bytes,
    is_sensitive: bool,
}
Expand description

Represents an HTTP header field value.

In practice, HTTP header field values are usually valid ASCII. However, the HTTP spec allows for a header value to contain opaque bytes as well. In this case, the header field value is not able to be represented as a string.

To handle this, the HeaderValue is useable as a type and can be compared with strings and implements Debug. A to_str fn is provided that returns an Err if the header value contains non visible ascii characters.

Fields

inner: Bytesis_sensitive: bool

Implementations

Convert a static string to a HeaderValue.

This function will not perform any copying, however the string is checked to ensure that no invalid characters are present. Only visible ASCII characters (32-127) are permitted.

Panics

This function panics if the argument contains invalid header value characters.

Until Allow panicking in constants makes its way into stable, the panic message at compile-time is going to look cryptic, but should at least point at your header value:

error: any use of this value will cause an error
  --> http/src/header/value.rs:67:17
   |
67 |                 ([] as [u8; 0])[0]; // Invalid header value
   |                 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
   |                 |
   |                 index out of bounds: the length is 0 but the index is 0
   |                 inside `HeaderValue::from_static` at http/src/header/value.rs:67:17
   |                 inside `INVALID_HEADER` at src/main.rs:73:33
   |
  ::: src/main.rs:73:1
   |
73 | const INVALID_HEADER: HeaderValue = HeaderValue::from_static("жsome value");
   | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_static("hello");
assert_eq!(val, "hello");

Attempt to convert a string to a HeaderValue.

If the argument contains invalid header value characters, an error is returned. Only visible ASCII characters (32-127) are permitted. Use from_bytes to create a HeaderValue that includes opaque octets (128-255).

This function is intended to be replaced in the future by a TryFrom implementation once the trait is stabilized in std.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_str("hello").unwrap();
assert_eq!(val, "hello");

An invalid value

let val = HeaderValue::from_str("\n");
assert!(val.is_err());

Converts a HeaderName into a HeaderValue

Since every valid HeaderName is a valid HeaderValue this is done infallibly.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_name(ACCEPT);
assert_eq!(val, HeaderValue::from_bytes(b"accept").unwrap());

Attempt to convert a byte slice to a HeaderValue.

If the argument contains invalid header value bytes, an error is returned. Only byte values between 32 and 255 (inclusive) are permitted, excluding byte 127 (DEL).

This function is intended to be replaced in the future by a TryFrom implementation once the trait is stabilized in std.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_bytes(b"hello\xfa").unwrap();
assert_eq!(val, &b"hello\xfa"[..]);

An invalid value

let val = HeaderValue::from_bytes(b"\n");
assert!(val.is_err());

Attempt to convert a Bytes buffer to a HeaderValue.

This will try to prevent a copy if the type passed is the type used internally, and will copy the data if it is not.

Convert a Bytes directly into a HeaderValue without validating.

This function does NOT validate that illegal bytes are not contained within the buffer.

Yields a &str slice if the HeaderValue only contains visible ASCII chars.

This function will perform a scan of the header value, checking all the characters.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_static("hello");
assert_eq!(val.to_str().unwrap(), "hello");

Returns the length of self.

This length is in bytes.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_static("hello");
assert_eq!(val.len(), 5);

Returns true if the HeaderValue has a length of zero bytes.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_static("");
assert!(val.is_empty());

let val = HeaderValue::from_static("hello");
assert!(!val.is_empty());

Converts a HeaderValue to a byte slice.

Examples
let val = HeaderValue::from_static("hello");
assert_eq!(val.as_bytes(), b"hello");

Mark that the header value represents sensitive information.

Examples
let mut val = HeaderValue::from_static("my secret");

val.set_sensitive(true);
assert!(val.is_sensitive());

val.set_sensitive(false);
assert!(!val.is_sensitive());

Returns true if the value represents sensitive data.

Sensitive data could represent passwords or other data that should not be stored on disk or in memory. By marking header values as sensitive, components using this crate can be instructed to treat them with special care for security reasons. For example, caches can avoid storing sensitive values, and HPACK encoders used by HTTP/2.0 implementations can choose not to compress them.

Additionally, sensitive values will be masked by the Debug implementation of HeaderValue.

Note that sensitivity is not factored into equality or ordering.

Examples
let mut val = HeaderValue::from_static("my secret");

val.set_sensitive(true);
assert!(val.is_sensitive());

val.set_sensitive(false);
assert!(!val.is_sensitive());

Trait Implementations

Converts this type into a shared reference of the (usually inferred) input type.

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Parses a string s to return a value of this type. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.

Returns the argument unchanged.

Instruments this type with the provided Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Instruments this type with the current Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

Attaches the provided Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more

Attaches the current default Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more