pub unsafe trait AnyBitPattern: Zeroable + Sized + Copy + 'static { }
Expand description

Marker trait for “plain old data” types that are valid for any bit pattern.

The requirements for this is very similar to Pod, except that the type can allow uninit (or padding) bytes. This limits what you can do with a type of this kind, but also broadens the included types to repr(C) structs that contain padding as well as unions. Notably, you can only cast immutable references and owned values into AnyBitPattern types, not mutable references.

Pod is a subset of AnyBitPattern, meaning that any T: Pod is also AnyBitPattern but any T: AnyBitPattern is not necessarily Pod.

AnyBitPattern is a subset of Zeroable, meaning that any T: AnyBitPattern is also Zeroable, but any T: Zeroable is not necessarily AnyBitPattern


A #[derive(AnyBitPattern)] macro is provided under the derive feature flag which will automatically validate the requirements of this trait and implement the trait for you for both structs and enums. This is the recommended method for implementing the trait, however it’s also possible to do manually. If you implement it manually, you must carefully follow the below safety rules.

  • *NOTE: even C-style, fieldless enums are intentionally excluded from this trait, since it is unsound for an enum to have a discriminant value that is not one of its defined variants.


Similar to Pod except we disregard the rule about it must not contain uninit bytes. Still, this is a quite strong guarantee about a type, so be careful when implementing it manually.

  • The type must be inhabited (eg: no Infallible).
  • The type must be valid for any bit pattern of its backing memory.
  • Structs need to have all fields also be AnyBitPattern.
  • It is disallowed for types to contain pointer types, Cell, UnsafeCell, atomics, and any other forms of interior mutability.
  • More precisely: A shared reference to the type must allow reads, and only reads. RustBelt’s separation logic is based on the notion that a type is allowed to define a sharing predicate, its own invariant that must hold for shared references, and this predicate is the reasoning that allow it to deal with atomic and cells etc. We require the sharing predicate to be trivial and permit only read-only access.
  • There’s probably more, don’t mess it up (I mean it).



impl<T: Pod> AnyBitPattern for T