pub unsafe fn swap<T>(x: *mut T, y: *mut T)
Expand description
Swaps the values at two mutable locations of the same type, without deinitializing either.
But for the following exceptions, this function is semantically
equivalent to mem::swap
:

It operates on raw pointers instead of references. When references are available,
mem::swap
should be preferred. 
The two pointedto values may overlap. If the values do overlap, then the overlapping region of memory from
x
will be used. This is demonstrated in the second example below. 
The operation is “untyped” in the sense that data may be uninitialized or otherwise violate the requirements of
T
. The initialization state is preserved exactly.
Safety
Behavior is undefined if any of the following conditions are violated:

Both
x
andy
must be valid for both reads and writes. They must remain valid even when the other pointer is written. (This means if the memory ranges overlap, the two pointers must not be subject to aliasing restrictions relative to each other.) 
Both
x
andy
must be properly aligned.
Note that even if T
has size 0
, the pointers must be nonnull and properly aligned.
Examples
Swapping two nonoverlapping regions:
use std::ptr;
let mut array = [0, 1, 2, 3];
let (x, y) = array.split_at_mut(2);
let x = x.as_mut_ptr().cast::<[u32; 2]>(); // this is `array[0..2]`
let y = y.as_mut_ptr().cast::<[u32; 2]>(); // this is `array[2..4]`
unsafe {
ptr::swap(x, y);
assert_eq!([2, 3, 0, 1], array);
}
Swapping two overlapping regions:
use std::ptr;
let mut array: [i32; 4] = [0, 1, 2, 3];
let array_ptr: *mut i32 = array.as_mut_ptr();
let x = array_ptr as *mut [i32; 3]; // this is `array[0..3]`
let y = unsafe { array_ptr.add(1) } as *mut [i32; 3]; // this is `array[1..4]`
unsafe {
ptr::swap(x, y);
// The indices `1..3` of the slice overlap between `x` and `y`.
// Reasonable results would be for to them be `[2, 3]`, so that indices `0..3` are
// `[1, 2, 3]` (matching `y` before the `swap`); or for them to be `[0, 1]`
// so that indices `1..4` are `[0, 1, 2]` (matching `x` before the `swap`).
// This implementation is defined to make the latter choice.
assert_eq!([1, 0, 1, 2], array);
}