1.0.0[][src]Function std::thread::park

pub fn park()

Blocks unless or until the current thread's token is made available.

A call to park does not guarantee that the thread will remain parked forever, and callers should be prepared for this possibility.

park and unpark

Every thread is equipped with some basic low-level blocking support, via the thread::park function and thread::Thread::unpark method. park blocks the current thread, which can then be resumed from another thread by calling the unpark method on the blocked thread's handle.

Conceptually, each Thread handle has an associated token, which is initially not present:

In other words, each Thread acts a bit like a spinlock that can be locked and unlocked using park and unpark.

Notice that being unblocked does not imply any synchronization with someone that unparked this thread, it could also be spurious. For example, it would be a valid, but inefficient, implementation to make both park and unpark return immediately without doing anything.

The API is typically used by acquiring a handle to the current thread, placing that handle in a shared data structure so that other threads can find it, and then parking in a loop. When some desired condition is met, another thread calls unpark on the handle.

The motivation for this design is twofold:

Examples

use std::thread;
use std::sync::{Arc, atomic::{Ordering, AtomicBool}};
use std::time::Duration;

let flag = Arc::new(AtomicBool::new(false));
let flag2 = Arc::clone(&flag);

let parked_thread = thread::spawn(move || {
    // We want to wait until the flag is set. We *could* just spin, but using
    // park/unpark is more efficient.
    while !flag2.load(Ordering::Acquire) {
        println!("Parking thread");
        thread::park();
        // We *could* get here spuriously, i.e., way before the 10ms below are over!
        // But that is no problem, we are in a loop until the flag is set anyway.
        println!("Thread unparked");
    }
    println!("Flag received");
});

// Let some time pass for the thread to be spawned.
thread::sleep(Duration::from_millis(10));

// Set the flag, and let the thread wake up.
// There is no race condition here, if `unpark`
// happens first, `park` will return immediately.
// Hence there is no risk of a deadlock.
flag.store(true, Ordering::Release);
println!("Unpark the thread");
parked_thread.thread().unpark();

parked_thread.join().unwrap();
Run