1.0.0[][src]Struct std::io::Stdin

pub struct Stdin { /* fields omitted */ }

A handle to the standard input stream of a process.

Each handle is a shared reference to a global buffer of input data to this process. A handle can be lock'd to gain full access to BufRead methods (e.g., .lines()). Reads to this handle are otherwise locked with respect to other reads.

This handle implements the Read trait, but beware that concurrent reads of Stdin must be executed with care.

Created by the io::stdin method.

Note: Windows Portability Consideration

When operating in a console, the Windows implementation of this stream does not support non-UTF-8 byte sequences. Attempting to read bytes that are not valid UTF-8 will return an error.

Examples

use std::io::{self, Read};

fn main() -> io::Result<()> {
    let mut buffer = String::new();
    let mut stdin = io::stdin(); // We get `Stdin` here.
    stdin.read_to_string(&mut buffer)?;
    Ok(())
}
Run

Implementations

impl Stdin[src]

pub fn lock(&self) -> StdinLock

Important traits for StdinLock<'_>

impl<'_> Read for StdinLock<'_>
[src]

Locks this handle to the standard input stream, returning a readable guard.

The lock is released when the returned lock goes out of scope. The returned guard also implements the Read and BufRead traits for accessing the underlying data.

Examples

use std::io::{self, Read};

fn main() -> io::Result<()> {
    let mut buffer = String::new();
    let stdin = io::stdin();
    let mut handle = stdin.lock();

    handle.read_to_string(&mut buffer)?;
    Ok(())
}
Run

pub fn read_line(&self, buf: &mut String) -> Result<usize>[src]

Locks this handle and reads a line of input, appending it to the specified buffer.

For detailed semantics of this method, see the documentation on BufRead::read_line.

Examples

use std::io;

let mut input = String::new();
match io::stdin().read_line(&mut input) {
    Ok(n) => {
        println!("{} bytes read", n);
        println!("{}", input);
    }
    Err(error) => println!("error: {}", error),
}
Run

You can run the example one of two ways:

  • Pipe some text to it, e.g., printf foo | path/to/executable
  • Give it text interactively by running the executable directly, in which case it will wait for the Enter key to be pressed before continuing

Trait Implementations

impl AsRawFd for Stdin1.21.0[src]

impl AsRawHandle for Stdin1.21.0[src]

impl Debug for Stdin1.16.0[src]

impl Read for Stdin[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for Stdin

impl Send for Stdin

impl Sync for Stdin

impl Unpin for Stdin

impl UnwindSafe for Stdin

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.