1.28.0[][src]Struct std::alloc::Layout

#[lang = "alloc_layout"]pub struct Layout { /* fields omitted */ }

Layout of a block of memory.

An instance of Layout describes a particular layout of memory. You build a Layout up as an input to give to an allocator.

All layouts have an associated size and a power-of-two alignment.

(Note that layouts are not required to have non-zero size, even though GlobalAlloc requires that all memory requests be non-zero in size. A caller must either ensure that conditions like this are met, use specific allocators with looser requirements, or use the more lenient AllocRef interface.)

Implementations

impl Layout[src]

pub fn from_size_align(size: usize, align: usize) -> Result<Layout, LayoutErr>[src]

Constructs a Layout from a given size and align, or returns LayoutErr if any of the following conditions are not met:

  • align must not be zero,

  • align must be a power of two,

  • size, when rounded up to the nearest multiple of align, must not overflow (i.e., the rounded value must be less than or equal to usize::MAX).

pub const unsafe fn from_size_align_unchecked(
    size: usize,
    align: usize
) -> Layout
[src]

Creates a layout, bypassing all checks.

Safety

This function is unsafe as it does not verify the preconditions from Layout::from_size_align.

pub fn size(&self) -> usize[src]

The minimum size in bytes for a memory block of this layout.

pub fn align(&self) -> usize[src]

The minimum byte alignment for a memory block of this layout.

pub const fn new<T>() -> Layout[src]

Constructs a Layout suitable for holding a value of type T.

pub fn for_value<T>(t: &T) -> Layout where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

Produces layout describing a record that could be used to allocate backing structure for T (which could be a trait or other unsized type like a slice).

pub unsafe fn for_value_raw<T>(t: *const T) -> Layout where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (layout_for_ptr #69835)

Produces layout describing a record that could be used to allocate backing structure for T (which could be a trait or other unsized type like a slice).

Safety

This function is only safe to call if the following conditions hold:

  • If T is Sized, this function is always safe to call.
  • If the unsized tail of T is:
    • a slice, then the length of the slice tail must be an intialized integer, and the size of the entire value (dynamic tail length + statically sized prefix) must fit in isize.
    • a trait object, then the vtable part of the pointer must point to a valid vtable for the type T acquired by an unsizing coersion, and the size of the entire value (dynamic tail length + statically sized prefix) must fit in isize.
    • an (unstable) extern type, then this function is always safe to call, but may panic or otherwise return the wrong value, as the extern type's layout is not known. This is the same behavior as Layout::for_value on a reference to an extern type tail.
    • otherwise, it is conservatively not allowed to call this function.

pub fn dangling(&self) -> NonNull<u8>[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (alloc_layout_extra #55724)

Creates a NonNull that is dangling, but well-aligned for this Layout.

Note that the pointer value may potentially represent a valid pointer, which means this must not be used as a "not yet initialized" sentinel value. Types that lazily allocate must track initialization by some other means.

pub fn align_to(&self, align: usize) -> Result<Layout, LayoutErr>1.44.0[src]

Creates a layout describing the record that can hold a value of the same layout as self, but that also is aligned to alignment align (measured in bytes).

If self already meets the prescribed alignment, then returns self.

Note that this method does not add any padding to the overall size, regardless of whether the returned layout has a different alignment. In other words, if K has size 16, K.align_to(32) will still have size 16.

Returns an error if the combination of self.size() and the given align violates the conditions listed in Layout::from_size_align.

pub fn padding_needed_for(&self, align: usize) -> usize[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (alloc_layout_extra #55724)

Returns the amount of padding we must insert after self to ensure that the following address will satisfy align (measured in bytes).

e.g., if self.size() is 9, then self.padding_needed_for(4) returns 3, because that is the minimum number of bytes of padding required to get a 4-aligned address (assuming that the corresponding memory block starts at a 4-aligned address).

The return value of this function has no meaning if align is not a power-of-two.

Note that the utility of the returned value requires align to be less than or equal to the alignment of the starting address for the whole allocated block of memory. One way to satisfy this constraint is to ensure align <= self.align().

pub fn pad_to_align(&self) -> Layout1.44.0[src]

Creates a layout by rounding the size of this layout up to a multiple of the layout's alignment.

This is equivalent to adding the result of padding_needed_for to the layout's current size.

pub fn repeat(&self, n: usize) -> Result<(Layout, usize), LayoutErr>[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (alloc_layout_extra #55724)

Creates a layout describing the record for n instances of self, with a suitable amount of padding between each to ensure that each instance is given its requested size and alignment. On success, returns (k, offs) where k is the layout of the array and offs is the distance between the start of each element in the array.

On arithmetic overflow, returns LayoutErr.

pub fn extend(&self, next: Layout) -> Result<(Layout, usize), LayoutErr>1.44.0[src]

Creates a layout describing the record for self followed by next, including any necessary padding to ensure that next will be properly aligned, but no trailing padding.

In order to match C representation layout repr(C), you should call pad_to_align after extending the layout with all fields. (There is no way to match the default Rust representation layout repr(Rust), as it is unspecified.)

Note that the alignment of the resulting layout will be the maximum of those of self and next, in order to ensure alignment of both parts.

Returns Ok((k, offset)), where k is layout of the concatenated record and offset is the relative location, in bytes, of the start of the next embedded within the concatenated record (assuming that the record itself starts at offset 0).

On arithmetic overflow, returns LayoutErr.

Examples

To calculate the layout of a #[repr(C)] structure and the offsets of the fields from its fields' layouts:

pub fn repr_c(fields: &[Layout]) -> Result<(Layout, Vec<usize>), LayoutErr> {
    let mut offsets = Vec::new();
    let mut layout = Layout::from_size_align(0, 1)?;
    for &field in fields {
        let (new_layout, offset) = layout.extend(field)?;
        layout = new_layout;
        offsets.push(offset);
    }
    // Remember to finalize with `pad_to_align`!
    Ok((layout.pad_to_align(), offsets))
}
Run

pub fn repeat_packed(&self, n: usize) -> Result<Layout, LayoutErr>[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (alloc_layout_extra #55724)

Creates a layout describing the record for n instances of self, with no padding between each instance.

Note that, unlike repeat, repeat_packed does not guarantee that the repeated instances of self will be properly aligned, even if a given instance of self is properly aligned. In other words, if the layout returned by repeat_packed is used to allocate an array, it is not guaranteed that all elements in the array will be properly aligned.

On arithmetic overflow, returns LayoutErr.

pub fn extend_packed(&self, next: Layout) -> Result<Layout, LayoutErr>[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (alloc_layout_extra #55724)

Creates a layout describing the record for self followed by next with no additional padding between the two. Since no padding is inserted, the alignment of next is irrelevant, and is not incorporated at all into the resulting layout.

On arithmetic overflow, returns LayoutErr.

pub fn array<T>(n: usize) -> Result<Layout, LayoutErr>1.44.0[src]

Creates a layout describing the record for a [T; n].

On arithmetic overflow, returns LayoutErr.

Trait Implementations

impl Clone for Layout[src]

impl Copy for Layout[src]

impl Debug for Layout[src]

impl Eq for Layout[src]

impl PartialEq<Layout> for Layout[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for Layout

impl Send for Layout

impl Sync for Layout

impl Unpin for Layout

impl UnwindSafe for Layout

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.