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use crate::fmt;
use crate::sync::{Condvar, Mutex};

/// A barrier enables multiple threads to synchronize the beginning
/// of some computation.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::sync::{Arc, Barrier};
/// use std::thread;
///
/// let mut handles = Vec::with_capacity(10);
/// let barrier = Arc::new(Barrier::new(10));
/// for _ in 0..10 {
///     let c = barrier.clone();
///     // The same messages will be printed together.
///     // You will NOT see any interleaving.
///     handles.push(thread::spawn(move|| {
///         println!("before wait");
///         c.wait();
///         println!("after wait");
///     }));
/// }
/// // Wait for other threads to finish.
/// for handle in handles {
///     handle.join().unwrap();
/// }
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub struct Barrier {
    lock: Mutex<BarrierState>,
    cvar: Condvar,
    num_threads: usize,
}

// The inner state of a double barrier
struct BarrierState {
    count: usize,
    generation_id: usize,
}

/// A `BarrierWaitResult` is returned by [`wait`] when all threads in the [`Barrier`]
/// have rendezvoused.
///
/// [`wait`]: struct.Barrier.html#method.wait
/// [`Barrier`]: struct.Barrier.html
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::sync::Barrier;
///
/// let barrier = Barrier::new(1);
/// let barrier_wait_result = barrier.wait();
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub struct BarrierWaitResult(bool);

#[stable(feature = "std_debug", since = "1.16.0")]
impl fmt::Debug for Barrier {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Barrier { .. }")
    }
}

impl Barrier {
    /// Creates a new barrier that can block a given number of threads.
    ///
    /// A barrier will block `n`-1 threads which call [`wait`] and then wake up
    /// all threads at once when the `n`th thread calls [`wait`].
    ///
    /// [`wait`]: #method.wait
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::sync::Barrier;
    ///
    /// let barrier = Barrier::new(10);
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn new(n: usize) -> Barrier {
        Barrier {
            lock: Mutex::new(BarrierState { count: 0, generation_id: 0 }),
            cvar: Condvar::new(),
            num_threads: n,
        }
    }

    /// Blocks the current thread until all threads have rendezvoused here.
    ///
    /// Barriers are re-usable after all threads have rendezvoused once, and can
    /// be used continuously.
    ///
    /// A single (arbitrary) thread will receive a [`BarrierWaitResult`] that
    /// returns `true` from [`is_leader`] when returning from this function, and
    /// all other threads will receive a result that will return `false` from
    /// [`is_leader`].
    ///
    /// [`BarrierWaitResult`]: struct.BarrierWaitResult.html
    /// [`is_leader`]: struct.BarrierWaitResult.html#method.is_leader
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::sync::{Arc, Barrier};
    /// use std::thread;
    ///
    /// let mut handles = Vec::with_capacity(10);
    /// let barrier = Arc::new(Barrier::new(10));
    /// for _ in 0..10 {
    ///     let c = barrier.clone();
    ///     // The same messages will be printed together.
    ///     // You will NOT see any interleaving.
    ///     handles.push(thread::spawn(move|| {
    ///         println!("before wait");
    ///         c.wait();
    ///         println!("after wait");
    ///     }));
    /// }
    /// // Wait for other threads to finish.
    /// for handle in handles {
    ///     handle.join().unwrap();
    /// }
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn wait(&self) -> BarrierWaitResult {
        let mut lock = self.lock.lock().unwrap();
        let local_gen = lock.generation_id;
        lock.count += 1;
        if lock.count < self.num_threads {
            // We need a while loop to guard against spurious wakeups.
            // http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spurious_wakeup
            while local_gen == lock.generation_id && lock.count < self.num_threads {
                lock = self.cvar.wait(lock).unwrap();
            }
            BarrierWaitResult(false)
        } else {
            lock.count = 0;
            lock.generation_id = lock.generation_id.wrapping_add(1);
            self.cvar.notify_all();
            BarrierWaitResult(true)
        }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "std_debug", since = "1.16.0")]
impl fmt::Debug for BarrierWaitResult {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_struct("BarrierWaitResult").field("is_leader", &self.is_leader()).finish()
    }
}

impl BarrierWaitResult {
    /// Returns `true` if this thread from [`wait`] is the "leader thread".
    ///
    /// Only one thread will have `true` returned from their result, all other
    /// threads will have `false` returned.
    ///
    /// [`wait`]: struct.Barrier.html#method.wait
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::sync::Barrier;
    ///
    /// let barrier = Barrier::new(1);
    /// let barrier_wait_result = barrier.wait();
    /// println!("{:?}", barrier_wait_result.is_leader());
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
    pub fn is_leader(&self) -> bool {
        self.0
    }
}

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
    use crate::sync::mpsc::{channel, TryRecvError};
    use crate::sync::{Arc, Barrier};
    use crate::thread;

    #[test]
    #[cfg_attr(target_os = "emscripten", ignore)]
    fn test_barrier() {
        const N: usize = 10;

        let barrier = Arc::new(Barrier::new(N));
        let (tx, rx) = channel();

        for _ in 0..N - 1 {
            let c = barrier.clone();
            let tx = tx.clone();
            thread::spawn(move || {
                tx.send(c.wait().is_leader()).unwrap();
            });
        }

        // At this point, all spawned threads should be blocked,
        // so we shouldn't get anything from the port
        assert!(match rx.try_recv() {
            Err(TryRecvError::Empty) => true,
            _ => false,
        });

        let mut leader_found = barrier.wait().is_leader();

        // Now, the barrier is cleared and we should get data.
        for _ in 0..N - 1 {
            if rx.recv().unwrap() {
                assert!(!leader_found);
                leader_found = true;
            }
        }
        assert!(leader_found);
    }
}